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Newton Manuscripts
Isaac Newton, from the Sidney Edelstein Collection

Newton Manuscripts

The Newton Manuscripts at the National Library

​Among the many manuscripts preserved at the National Library are works by the man considered to be the greatest physicist of all time, Sir Isaac Newton. Contrary to what one might expect to find amid Newton’s works, these papers cover topics such as interpretations of the Bible, theology, the history of ancient cultures, the Tabernacle and Temple, calculations dealing with the end of time, historical documents, and even alchemy.

The Digital Collection

​These papers introduce facets of Newton’s personality and work that the public has never before encountered. They are evidence of the great lengths that Newton went to in trying to decipher writings that, in his opinion, contained secret knowledge encrypted in the Holy Scriptures of ancient cultures and in historical documents. A perfect exmple of this type of research are Newton’s efforts to produce knowledge of scientific significance from the Biblical and Talmudic descriptions of the Tabernacle and Temple.

Newton’s diligence and precision is reflected in this research in the same manner it is reflected in his scientific work, and he regarded this science with the same religious fervor that made him see himself as a kind of prophet.

The manuscripts found at the National Library are part of the collection of Abraham Shalom Yehuda (1877-1951), an expert in Middle Eastern affairs. Professor Yehuda purchased the manuscripts at a public auction at Sotheby’s of London in 1936. Other manuscripts in the collection, dealing mostly with the topic of alchemy, were purchased by the well-known economist, John Maynard Keynes, and are located at King’s College in Cambridge University.

The National Library’s collection of the Newton Papers is now available to the general public in digital format. All of the papers are also linked in the catalogue to the Newton Project, where they are presented in two versions: a ‘diplomatic’ version that includes all the changes and corrections as they appear in the original manuscript, and a normalized, i.e 'clean' version that enables a continuous reading of the text.

The digitization of this important collection of Newton manuscripts was made possible through the generous support and vision of the David and Fela Shapell Family Foundation.

The collection is part of "Memory of the World"

Newton Papers

Untitled treatise on Revelation

Newton Papers 1

Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 1)
Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 1a)
Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 2)
Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 3)
Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 4)
Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 5)
Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 6)
Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 7)
Untitled treatise on Revelation (sec. 8)

Various texts on Revelation, Solomon's Temple and Church history

Newton Papers 2

Various texts on Revelation, Solomon's Temple and Church history (sec. 1)
Various texts on Revelation, Solomon's Temple and Church history (sec. 2)
Various texts on Revelation, Solomon's Temple and Church history (sec. 3)
Various texts on Revelation, Solomon's Temple and Church history (sec. 4)
Various texts on Revelation, Solomon's Temple and Church history (sec. 5a)
Various texts on Revelation, Solomon's Temple and Church history (sec. 5b)

Introductio. Continens Apocalypseos rationem generalem

Newton Papers 3

Introductio. Continens Apocalypseos rationem generalem

Variantes lectiones apocalypticæ (version 1)

Newton Papers 4

Variantes lectiones apocalypticæ (version 1)
Variantes lectiones apocalypticæ (version 2)

Theological notes

Newton Papers 5

Theological notes (part 1)
Theological notes (part 2)
Theological notes (part 3)

The synchronisms of the three parts of the prophetick Interpretation

Newton Papers 6

The synchronisms of the three parts of the prophetick

Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation

Newton Papers 7

Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1a)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1b)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1c)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1d)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1e)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1f)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1g)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1h)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1i)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1j)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1k)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1l)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1m)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.1n)

Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation

Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2a)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2b)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2c)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2d)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2e)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2f)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2g)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2h)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.2i)

Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation

Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3a)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3b)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3c)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3d)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3e)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3f)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3g)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3h)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3i)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3j)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3k)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3l)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3m)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3n)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3o)
Miscellaneous drafts and fragments on prophecy, principally Daniel and Revelation (7.3p)

Notes on prophecies

Newton Papers 8

Notes on prophecies (part 1)
Notes on prophecies (part 2)
Notes on prophecies (part 3)
Notes on prophecies (part 4)

Treatise on Revelation

Newton Papers 9

Treatise on Revelation (sec. 1)
Treatise on Revelation (sec. 2)
Treatise on Revelation (sec. 3)

Notes and extracts on interpreting the prophets

Newton Papers 10

Notes and extracts on interpreting the prophets (part 1)
Notes and extracts on interpreting the prophets (part 2)
Notes and extracts on interpreting the prophets (part 3)

Proœmium and first chapter of a treatise on Church history

Newton Papers 11

Proœmium and first chapter of a treatise on Church history

Treatise on Church history

Newton Papers 12

Treatise on Church history

Miscellaneous theological extracts and notes

Miscellaneous theological extracts and notes (part 1)
Miscellaneous theological extracts and notes (part 2)
Miscellaneous theological extracts and notes (part 3)

Miscellaneous notes and extracts on the Temple, the Fathers, prophecy, Church history, doctrinal issues, etc.

Miscellaneous notes and extracts on the Temple, the Fathers, prophecy, Church history, doctrinal issues, etc.

Drafts on the history of the Church

Drafts on the history of the Church (sec. 1)
Drafts on the history of the Church (sec. 2)
Drafts on the history of the Church (sec. 3)
Drafts on the history of the Church (sec. 4)
Drafts on the history of the Church (sec. 5)
Drafts on the history of the Church (sec. 6)
Drafts on the history of the Church (sec. 7)

Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ'

Rough draft portions of and notes for 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' (sec.1)
Miscellaneous draft portions of 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' (sec.2)
Notes to 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' (sec.3)

Bundles of notes for a work on the ancients' physico-theology, related to 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ'

Bundles of notes for a work on the ancients' physico-theology, related to 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' (part 1)
Bundles of notes for a work on the ancients' physico-theology, related to 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' (part 2)
Bundles of notes for a work on the ancients' physico-theology, related to 'Theologiæ Gentilis Origines Philosophicæ' (part 3)

Fragment on the history of the Church's apostasy

Fragment on the history of the Church's apostasy

Treatise on Church history with particular reference to the Arian controversy

Treatise on Church history with particular reference to the Arian controversy

Expanded Latin translation of the first part of 'Two notable corruptions'

Expanded Latin translation of the first part of 'Two notable corruptions'

Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16

Exposition of 2 Kings 17:15-16

Copies of second and third 'professions of faith' by early Church Councils

Copies of second and third 'professions of faith' by early Church Councils

Roman Catholicism and Prophecy

Roman Catholicism and Prophecy

Proposals concerning calendar reform

Proposals concerning calendar reform (sec. 1)
Proposals concerning calendar reform (sec. 2)
Proposals concerning calendar reform (sec. 3)
Proposals concerning calendar reform (sec. 4)
Proposals concerning calendar reform (sec. 5)
Proposals concerning calendar reform (sec. 6)
Proposals concerning calendar reform (sec. 7)

Draft passages on chronology and biblical history

Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a I)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a II)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a III)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a IV)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a V)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a VI)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a VII)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a VIII)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a IX)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 a X)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 b)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 c)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 d)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.1 e)

Draft passages on chronology and biblical history

Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.2 a)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.2 b)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.2 c)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.2 d)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.2 e)
Draft passages on chronology and biblical history (25.2 f)

The chronology of ancient kingdoms, amended

The chronology of ancient kingdoms, amended (draft) (part 1)
The chronology of ancient kingdoms, amended (draft) (part 1b)
The chronology of ancient kingdoms, amended (draft) (part 2)
The chronology of ancient kingdoms, amended (draft) (part 3)

Seven drafts of Newton's defence of the Chronology of ancient kingdoms

Seven drafts of Newton's defence of the Chronology of ancient kingdoms

Fragments on the kingdoms of the European tribes, the Temple and the history of Jewish and Christian Churches

Fragments on the kingdoms of the European tribes, the Temple and the history of Jewish and Christian Churches (sec. 1)
Fragments on the kingdoms of the European tribes, the Temple and the history of Jewish and Christian Churches (sec. 2)
Fragments on the kingdoms of the European tribes, the Temple and the history of Jewish and Christian Churches (sec. 3)
Fragments on the kingdoms of the European tribes, the Temple and the history of Jewish and Christian Churches (sec. 4)
Fragments on the kingdoms of the European tribes, the Temple and the history of Jewish and Christian Churches (sec. 5)

Fragment on Church history, mainly concerning Athanasius

Fragment on Church history, mainly concerning Athanasius

Out of La Lumiere sortant des Tenebres' and 'Out of the Commentator on La Lumiere sortant de Tenebris [sic]'

Out of La Lumiere sortant des Tenebres' and 'Out of the Commentator on La Lumiere sortant de Tenebris [sic]'

Miscellaneous notes on history, chronology and theology

Miscellaneous notes on history, chronology and theology

Tract against signing the Oxford address

Tract against signing the Oxford address

Notes on ancient Greek, Roman and Egyptian deities

Notes on ancient Greek, Roman and Egyptian deities

Newton's expenses at Cambridge

Newton's expenses at Cambridge

Newton's obligation as mastern

Newton's obligation as master

Phrases and translations from Terence's "Andria" and "Eunuchus"

Phrases and translations from Terence's "Andria" and "Eunuchus"

"Historia Coelestis" of Flamsteed (parts)

"Historia Coelestis" of Flamsteed (parts)

De Igne sophorum et materia quam calefacit

De Igne sophorum et materia quam calefacit

Notes on early Church history and the moral superiority of the 'barbarians' to the Romans

Notes on early Church history and the moral superiority of the 'barbarians' to the Romans

Newton family geneaology

Newton family geneaology

Draft chapters of a treatise on the origin of religion and its corruption

Draft chapters of a treatise on the origin of religion and its corruption

Notebook jottings on alchemy

Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 1)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 2)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 3)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 4)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 5)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 6)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 7)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 8)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 9)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 10)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 11)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 12)
Alchemical notes and extracts from a very wide range of sources (bundle 13)

Notebook jottings on alchemy

Notebook jottings on alchemy