Nidal al-Sha'b - نضال الشعب
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About this newspaper
Title: Nidal al-Sha'b - نضال الشعب
Available online: 1 June 1940 - 1 May 1943 (9 issues; 79 pages)
Region: The Middle East
Country: Mandatory Palestine
Collection: Jrayed - Arabic Newspaper Archive of Ottoman and Mandatory Palestine
A Palestinian Communist Party newspaper, Nidal al-Sha'b (The People's Struggle) was first printed in 1934. It covered issues of organized local labor, as well as communism and socialism in Palestine and the world with a particular focus on areas under colonial rule. From March 1929 until 1934, the Communist Party published a secret newspaper called Ila al-Amam (Forward). In 1934, the party's new secretary-general, Radwan al-Hilu, deemed the newspaper incompatible with Palestinian national interests and sentiments, and shut it down. It was replaced with a different secret newspaper, Nidal al-Sha'b. Nidal al-Sha'b was published continuously until the split between the Arab and Jewish members of the party in 1943 and the resignation of Radwan al-Hilu from the party. Since its establishment in Palestine in 1919, the Palestinian Communist Party adopted a policy of a "separatist left." This was the policy the party’s Jewish members grounded themselves upon until 1934, when profound changes swept Palestinian society and signs of a revolutionary uprising in Palestine were becoming apparent. These changes pushed the party to unite with the "progressive forces" in Palestine to lead the uprising and shift efforts towards a struggle against the British Mandate and Zionism. To achieve this, the party encouraged actions beginning in the 1930s that would make it "more Arab" and in tune with the Arab public, in accordance with the Comintern's request from the 1920s. Following the arrest of Party Secretary Ze'ev Berman and his expulsion from the country (1934), important changes were introduced to the structure of the party's institutions in an effort to Arabize it. Additionally, the separatist policy was largely abandoned and a more open policy toward the Arab National Movement was adopted. Radwan al-Hilu (Jaffa, 1909 - Jericho, 1975) was appointed the first Arab secretary-general of the movement (1934-1943), and Taher al-Ma’rabi was elected as a member of the Central Committee and later a member of the secretariat of the Central Committee. Like other Communist newspapers and journals, the newspaper aligned itself with the Soviet Union. For example, on February 23rd, 1943, the newspaper published a special issue marking the 25th anniversary of the founding of the Red Army. Among the writers who took part in the newspaper were Radwan al-Hilu (Secretary General of the Palestinian Communist Movement) and other members of the party such as Sa'id Qablan, Mahmud al-Atrash, Hassan al-Farran, Taher al-Ma’rabi, as well as Emile Habibi, whose articles focused on workers' unions and economic ventures.
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